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Introduction: With the change of the season, many of us experience shifts in our moods and energy levels. Some welcome the crisp air of autumn, while others may find themselves yearning for the warmth of summer. For those who reside in regions with distinct seasons, these fluctuations in mood can be attributed to a phenomenon known as Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD).

But what about those of us who call the Sunshine State, Florida, home? Can you still get Seasonal Affective Disorder if you live in this land of perpetual summer? Let’s shed some light on this intriguing topic.

Understanding Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)

Seasonal Affective Disorder, aptly abbreviated as SAD, is a type of depression that follows a seasonal pattern. It typically manifests during the fall and winter months when daylight hours dwindle, and sunlight becomes scarce. People affected by SAD often experience symptoms such as persistent sadness, lethargy, changes in sleep patterns, and even weight gain due to increased cravings for comfort foods. However, it’s important to note that SAD can also occur during the spring and summer months, although less commonly.

The Complex Relationship Between Seasons and Mood

To understand SAD, it’s crucial to recognize the role of light in regulating our body’s internal clock, known as the circadian rhythm. Sunlight, or the lack thereof, can profoundly impact our mood and overall sense of well-being. Reduced exposure to natural light during the darker months can disrupt this delicate balance, leading to the onset of SAD symptoms in susceptible individuals.

SAD in Regions with Distinct Seasons: SAD is most commonly associated with regions that undergo significant seasonal changes, particularly in areas with long, harsh winters. In these climates, the decrease in daylight hours and the cold weather can limit outdoor activities and reduce exposure to natural light. This, in turn, contributes to the development of SAD. However, it’s essential to recognize that SAD can transcend geographical boundaries, affecting individuals who have relocated to sunnier climates like Florida, or even those who have always called such regions home.

The Enigma of SAD

Seasonal Affective Disorder remains an enigmatic condition. While sunlight and seasonal changes play a role, other factors come into play. Genetics, individual susceptibility, and even one’s personal relationship with each season may influence the onset of SAD. The psychosocial changes that occur during the winter, such as increased time with family, holiday-related stress, or the fear of missing out (FOMO) on holiday celebrations, can further complicate matters.

Signs and Symptoms of SAD:

  • Persistent feelings of sadness and hopelessness
  • Low energy and increased fatigue
  • Changes in sleep patterns (oversleeping or insomnia)
  • Weight gain and increased appetite, particularly for carbohydrates
  • Difficulty concentrating and making decisions
  • Loss of interest in activities once enjoyed
  • Social withdrawal and decreased libido
  • Irritability and heightened sensitivity to rejection

When to Seek Mental Health Support

If you or someone you know is experiencing these symptoms, especially during specific seasons, it may be time to consider seeking support from a mental health professional. Therapy for SAD can provide valuable guidance and strategies for managing this seasonal challenge. Remember, you’re not alone, and help is available to illuminate your path to emotional well-being, no matter where you call home.

Contact us today for support making sense of your mental health in this season.


Rosenthal, N. E., Sack, D. A., Gillin, J. C., Lewy, A. J., Goodwin, F. K., Davenport, Y., … & Wehr, T. A. (1984). Seasonal affective disorder: A description of the syndrome and preliminary findings with light therapy. Archives of General Psychiatry, 41(1), 72-80.

Partonen, T., & Magnusson, A. (2001). Seasonal affective disorder: Practice and research. Oxford University Press.

American Psychiatric Association. (2013). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders (DSM-5®). American Psychiatric Pub.